Geospatial data themes and datasets

Creating tools to bring together nationally-significant geospatial data (fundamental data) to support greater economic growth and productivity, and improve New Zealanders’ lives.

A wide range of public and private organisations and agencies hold valuable nationally significant geospatial data (also called fundamental data). The real value of this data is realised when it can be combined and put to productive uses.

Fundamental geospatial data themes

Fundamental Data Themes image

We use these following themes to organise and manage fundamental geospatial datasets, based on similarities between datasets. Themes support the development of communities of interest and may include any number of datasets.

Imagery data is a snapshot in time of images captured from satellites, aircraft, and terrestrial sensors and cameras. It can be used to visualize landscape, and how an area has evolved.

Addresses are the most commonly understood method of describing where a property is.  It is also a vital dataset for our economy (eg property insurance) and our well-being (eg emergency services, health services).

Geographic Names are the names of cultural and physical features and their associated location and extent (area). Names can include offi cial, historical or alternative names and help us to better understand and preserve our cultural and heritage identity.

Administrative Boundaries are the collection of legislative, regulatory, political, statistical, maritime and other general boundaries. These are widely used by central and local government for the delivery of services.  Other examples include electoral boundaries, and international boundaries such as New Zealand’s Exclusive Economic Zone.

Transport Network data includes the land, water and air networks used to move people, goods, and services from one location to another (e.g. roads, railways and air and ferry routes). This data is commonly used to inform sustainable urban planning.

Cadastral and Property data are central to defining and managing our property rights. These rights are a cornerstone of New Zealand’s free market economy as they provide economic and social certainty.

Land Use and Land Cover is data about man-made and natural features that sit on top of the earth. Examples of land cover include forests and deserts.  Examples of land use include cities, roads, parks and farms.

Elevation and Depth data provide a 3D view of the surface of the earth including the sea floor.

Water datasets show where water collects and flows on and below the surface of the earth. This includes rivers, streams, lakes and oceans and is particularly important for primary industries and environmental protection.

The Positioning system enables all geospatial datasets to be spatially aligned with each other. At its simplest, positioning data tells us the precise location of points above, on or within the earth.

Download the fundamental data themes as a PDF

Through establishing clearly defined roles and responsibilities, we can ensure that these fundamental dataset are high quality, easily discoverable, accessible, and readily available.

Last Updated: 25 June 2015