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Honokawa and Whanokao Place Name Proposal Report
On this page:
This report is also available in PDF Honokawa Place Name Proposal Report (PDF 2.09MB).
- Mount Hikurangi, Gisborne.
A mountain north west of Mount Hikurangi in the Gisborne, East Cape region has been named with two official names. Honokawa was gazetted in 1941 (HON) p.10 and Whanokao was gazetted in 1941 (HON) p.42. Both are included as separate entries in the Gazetteer as official names for the same mountain but only the name Whanokau is used on current maps.
In earlier correspondence by the Board (VL XVII/67), Sir Apirana Ngata had said that Mount Honokawa should be Mount Whanokao and the Board agreed that both names could be used (also acknowledged that Whanokao is the older name).
On the current Infomap 260-Y15, only the name Whanokao is used. However on the previous NZMS 1, sheet N71, Honokawa is used. If both names are official, then both should possibly be shown on LINZ’s official publications, possibly as a dual name (despite both being Māori names).
The Board’s policy on dual and alternative names is:
16.17 Dual and Alternative Naming of Features/Places
- Whanokao/Honokawa - Gazetteer anomaly
- East Cape Region
Board Consideration at previous meeting:
At the Board’s previous meeting of 27 March 2009, the Board noted that the mountain northwest of Mount Hikurangi has two official names, Whanokao and Honokawa both of which were gazetted in 1941 as separate entries. The TPK observer acknowledged Whanokao as the name. The Board agreed to defer its decision in order to consult with relevant iwi to:
- confirm that two official Māori names exist for the same feature – Whanokao and Honokawa;
- provide views on how these two names may be depicted on official documents, i.e. Whanokao/Honokawa or Whanokao or Honokawa;
- comment on whether macrons should be applied to both or either name, noting that in which case the names will need to go through the full public notification process; and
- comment on whether the generic geographic descriptor ‘Mount’ should apply.
Sir Apirana Ngata advised (Board correspondence VL XV11/67) that Whanokao is the older name and that both names are in use for the Maunga. No information was available in the Board’s records elaborating how Whanokao or Honokawa came into use.
Following the Board meeting of 27 March 2009 letters were written to Te Whanau a Apanui, Ngāti Porou and Tūranganui a Kiwa. Te Whanau a Apanui responded by email advising that Whanokao is located within the Te Whanau a Apanui tribal territory and is known only by the name Whanokao. Te Whanau a Apanui also advise that the descriptor “Mount” is not required. The use of macrons was not advised. Further correspondence with Ngāti Porou and Tūranganui a Kiwa was conveyed but no response as at mid-August 2009.
A printable version of this map is available in the Honokawa Place Name Proposal Report (PDF 2.09MB).