This section contains information on the investor test.
On this page:
- Business experience and acumen
- Demonstrated financial commitment
- Good character
- Ineligible individual(s) under the Immigration Act 2009
- Statutory declaration
- Apply for consent
19 July 2011: To reflect the Immigration Act 2009 coming into force
All applications for consent are tested against four core investor criteria:
- business experience and acumen
- financial commitment
- good character, and
- absence of ineligible individual(s) under the Immigration Act 2009.
The OIO informally refers to these collective criteria as the “investor test”.
The investor test for fishing quota, sensitive land and significant business assets is effectively the same.
The legislation references for the investor test are:
- Section 16 (sensitive land applications)
- Section 18 (significant business asset applications)
- Section 57 G of the Fisheries Act (fishing quota applications).
The business experience and acumen criterion provides that the individual(s) must have practical knowledge and abilities relevant to the overseas investment. The OIO is looking for evidence that demonstrates and explains:
- substantial experience in the same industry and type of investment
- a track record of successful business activity that demonstrates generic business experience and acumen
- that sufficient “nouse” exists to oversee local managers engaged to undertake the investment on the investor’s behalf
- how the background, qualifications and work experience of the individuals are relevant to the proposed overseas investment.
Evidence required by the OIO may include:
- if the relevant overseas person is an individual, a curriculum vitae detailing the individual's background, qualifications and work experience
- if the relevant overseas person is not an individual, a curriculum vitae detailing the background, qualifications and work experience of the individuals with control of the relevant overseas person
- if a manager or consultant is to be or has been contracted to manage the overseas investment in sensitive land, a curriculum vitae detailing the manager or consultant's background, qualifications and work experience and, if available, a copy of any contract entered into between the overseas person and the manager or consultant.
The level of business experience and acumen required to satisfy this condition may vary according to the nature of the investment subject to the OIO application. For instance, individuals planning to purchase lifestyle or residential properties may need only demonstrate fairly generic business expertise and acumen to satisfy this condition. See lifestyle properties and new migrants.
The OIO requires evidence of the relevant overseas person having demonstrated financial commitment to the proposed overseas investment in sensitive land. Evidence may include:
- setting aside or committing resources to the investment
- securing an advance or loan to undertake the investment
- having already funded aspects of the investment, for example, the overseas person has already acquired part of the business assets or has already undergone an expansion into New Zealand
- having paid the deposit towards the purchase or entered into a contract for sale and purchase.
Having access to capital to make investments does not demonstrate a financial commitment to a particular investment. The OIO requires specific evidence that a particular part of the capital has been set aside for the investment, or that the particular capital required has been called up.
Although the Act does not define good character, the test for good character is detailed in section 19(1) (for sensitive land and significant business assets applications) and section 57I(1) of the Fisheries Act (for fishing quota applications).
The relevant Ministers must take into account:
- offences or contraventions of the law by the individual, or by any person in which the individual has, or had at the time of the offence or contravention, a 25% or more ownership or control interest (whether convicted or not), and
- any other matter that reflects adversely on the person's fitness to have the particular overseas investment.
The OIO considers that good character goes beyond the concept of criminal convictions. The existence of criminal convictions is merely one factor in determining a person's character.
“Character” denotes both moral factors and the reputation of the person concerned. Allegations made which suggest that a person has engaged in activities which, although not giving rise to a criminal conviction, must be regarded by any reasonable person as having an adverse impact on the person's good standing in the community, are also relevant.
While the legislation is framed in terms of individuals, the activities of entities over which those individuals exercise substantive control may reflect on the character of those individuals.
The existence of minor offences (such as traffic infringements) will not necessarily result in a determination that an individual is not of good character. For these purposes, minor offences include:
- infringement offences, and
- offences for which imprisonment is not an available penalty.
Accordingly, there is generally no requirement to disclose this information unless there is a pattern of minor offending that might indicate a non law-abiding nature.
Relationship to the investment
The nature of the investment may influence whether a particular person is of good character. For example, a person with fishing convictions may be of good character for the purposes of an investment in a commercial property but may not be of good character for the purposes of an investment in fishing quota. Conversely, good character must be considered in the context of the relevant Act (e.g. under the Fisheries Act, allegations that relate to the fishing practices of an individual or entities controlled by an individual are relevant).
The closer the relationship between the investment and the “character issue” the more likely that issue will compromise the individual's character.
This part of the investor test provides that the relevant overseas person, or the individual(s) with control of the relevant overseas person, must not be individual(s) of the kind referred to in section 15 or 16 of the Immigration Act 2009.
Sections 15 and 16 of the Immigration Act provides that no visa or entry permission may be granted, and no visa waiver may apply, to any person who, broadly:
- has been sentenced to imprisonment:
- for more than 5 years, or
- for more than 12 months in the previous 10 years
- has been the subject of a removal order
- has been removed or deported from New Zealand or any other country
- is likely to commit an offence that is punishable by imprisonment
- is, or is likely to be a threat or risk to security, public order or the public interest, or
- is a member of a terrorist entity designated under the Terrorism Suppression Act 2002.
Section 19(2) (for sensitive land and significant business assets applications) and section 57I(2) of the Fisheries Act (fishing quota applications) provides guidance on applying the immigration criteria. Note that section 17(1) of the Immigration Act allows the Minister of Immigration to make a special direction allowing a visa or entry permission to be granted despite sections 15 and 16 of that Act.
A statutory declaration will usually be required with each application that evidences the good character and immigration criteria. See how to prepare statutory declarations for the OIO for further information and example text.
Further factors may need to be satisfied before consent can be granted, depending on the nature of the investment.
For further information on how to apply see:
- sensitive land
- lifestyle properties and new migrants
- significant business assets/fishing quota
- how to apply for consent.
This website provides general information only. The OIO and LINZ do not assume any responsibility for giving legal or other professional advice and disclaim any liability arising from the use of the information. If you require legal or other expert advice you should seek assistance from a professional adviser.
Investor Test (PDF 36KB)
Published 15 September 2011 (attachment below)
Investor Test (rtf 329KB)
Published 15 September 2011 (attachment below)