Note: this guideline is issued by the Surveyor-General under section 7(1)(ga) of the Cadastral Survey Act 2002 about the Rules for Cadastral Survey 2010 and is not legally binding.

This article relates to the information that is required to be included in a survey report under rule 8.2.

A CSD must include a survey report [r 8.2(a)] unless the CSD is a monumentation CSD (refer to Monumentation CSD rule exemptions).

Survey report must address all information requirements

Rule 8.2(b) requires that the report must address each of the requirements of rule 8.2(a) by: 

  • providing the information in the survey report, or 
  • noting in the survey report where this information is otherwise provided in the CSD, or
  • noting in the survey report that the specified requirement is not applicable to the dataset. 

Survey report must include purpose of survey

While rule 8.2(a)(i) is not specific, the purpose of the survey could include: 

  • the general purpose.  Examples include the exchange of freehold land for reserve, the uplifting of limitations, claim for accretion; 
  • the legislation which will be used to complete the intended action.  Examples include the Land Transfer Act 2017, Unit Titles Act 2010, Public Works Act 1981, Local Government Act 1974 or Te Ture Whenua Māori Act 1993.  This information is relevant where the process being used is unusual, as in the cases of deed of settlement claims, treaty settlement legislation, or special Acts of Parliament;
  • related issues that clarify the process to be used.  Examples include the treatment of non-primary parcels, limited titles, staged unit developments, substituted developments, water bed not in a new title, vestings, and claims. 

Survey report must include basis for determining the orientation of bearings

The basis for determining the orientation of bearings [r 8.2(a)(ii)] is an important element of the survey report because the Rules do not specifically require the identification of origin marks.

The information could include:

  • a description of the method used to orientate the survey in terms of the official geodetic projection.  Examples include:
    • GNSS orientation on two marks, or 
    • bearing observations from control marks (refer to Vectors to distant control marks), or 
    • by a traditional three mark origin from existing marks in association with confirmation that the orientation is in terms of  NZGD2000, 
  • an analysis of the reasons why bearings in terms of NZGD1949 and NZGD2000 have been determined as being one and the same, and
  • details where the survey does not include field measurements as in the case of new non-primary parcels or where all the boundaries have been adopted or accepted.

Survey report must include information on old marks

The survey report must include:

  • an assessment of the adequacy of the number and location of old survey marks used to define boundaries [r 8.2(a)(viii)], 
  • information about existing marks looked for and not found [r 8.2(a)(vii)]
  • the reasons why relevant marks were not searched for [r 8.2(a)(vii)], and 
  • the reasons why an old mark was not relied on [r 8.2(a)(vi)].

Survey report must include reference to prior correspondence with LINZ

The survey report must include reference to any prior correspondence with LINZ on issues relevant to the application of the Rules [r 8.2(a)(xv)].  Examples include reference to a survey dispensation, correspondence with the Registrar-General of Land, or to any other advice provided by LINZ.

Last Updated: 12 November 2018
Authority: Surveyor-General - Section 7(1)(ga) of the Cadastral Survey Act 2002
LINZ OP G : 00066