Guidance on meeting the requirements of the Cadastral Survey Rules 2021 (CSR 2021) and Landonline capture for boundary reinstatement surveys and cadastral survey datasets (CSDs).
A boundary reinstatement survey is a survey that places a boundary mark on a boundary point or line already defined in an approved CSD and does not create any new parcels (r 112).
A boundary reinstatement CSD must be lodged within 6 months of placement of a boundary mark (r 113).
When a boundary position has been repeatedly re-marked (for example, due to ongoing site works removing the mark), a CSD must be lodged within 6 months of the first time the position was marked. The date of survey (r 119(c)) must reflect the last placement of a mark in that position.
If something other than a boundary mark as defined by rule 36 has been used to set out an existing boundary point (for example, a stake or painted cross), it is not necessary to lodge a boundary reinstatement CSD.
Note that if a dumpy peg is placed, then the dumpy peg is considered to fall within the criteria of a boundary mark (r 36(1)(e)).
A boundary reinstatement survey cannot be used where the boundary point being reinstated is (r 114(1)):
- on a water, water centre-line or irregular boundary
- on a boundary in a record of title that is limited as to parcels
- on a Māori land CSD that is annotated ‘computed plan - areas and boundaries not defined by survey’
A full land transfer survey is required when placing a boundary mark in these situations.
There are two types of boundary reinstatement CSDs, simple and complex. The Landonline survey purposes are ‘Simple Boundary Reinstatement CSD’ and ‘Complex Boundary Reinstatement CSD’.
A complex boundary reinstatement CSD must be used where the boundary point is (r 114(2)):
- subject to conflict
- affected by ground movement
- insufficiently defined
- defined on a diagram on transfer.
A complex boundary reinstatement CSD may change the location or extent of a boundary but does not update the record of title. A full land transfer survey is required to update the title.
All other boundary reinstatement surveys may be recorded on a simple boundary reinstatement CSD.
A decision tree has been included in the rules to illustrate where reinstatement surveys can be carried out and whether it is simple or complex (r 114(5)).
A simple boundary reinstatement CSD is a simplified CSD with reduced requirements for the efficient recording of information where a new title will not issue. The essential requirements are:
- a survey report (r 118)
- a record of survey (r 119)
- a dataset description (r 117(c))
- relevant field information (r 117(d)).
A simplified survey report template has been developed to record only the information required by rule 118 and the Standard for lodgement of cadastral survey datasets LINZS70000.
The automated survey report in Landonline can be used, but it is not tailored to the reduced requirements specifically for simple boundary reinstatement CSDs.
Record of survey
The record of survey (r 119) is designed to mainly be a digital set of information created in third party software for upload to Landonline. Other than the reinstatement diagram and occupation, all information must be fully captured in Landonline.
Boundary vectors between reinstated boundary points must be captured in the reinstatement layer and assigned an appropriate class. The non-boundary layer must not be used as it does not allow for the assignment of a survey class. These reinstated boundary lines will be tested by Landonline to the correct accuracy standard and display with a thick line width in plan generation.
A reinstatement diagram (r 120) which is a simplified survey diagram does not need to show all the information contained in the record of survey. Future surveyors will need to use the digital data, reinstatement diagram and survey report to interpret the boundary definition.
The below reinstatement diagram shows the minimum information as specified in rule 120. Note that adopted vectors or bearings and distances do not need to be shown.
The reinstatement diagram can be produced using third party software or created using Landonline plan generation tools.
Where the reinstatement diagram is prepared in third party software, it must be attached as supporting document type ‘Survey Data Graphic’. It is also still necessary to enter layout plan sheets and add a note ‘See Survey Data Graphic’ against survey sheet 1.
Example of a simple boundary reinstatement CSD
SO 544320 was given dispensation to use the simple boundary reinstatement rules in CSR 2021. The survey purpose is shown as ‘Boundary Marking - Reinstatement CSD’ and not ‘Simple Boundary Reinstatement CSD’ as the CSD was certified under the RCS 2010.
The same accuracy standards specified under Part 4 Field survey apply to boundary reinstatement surveys.
The dataset description should read:
- ‘Reinstatement of Lot 6 DP 4567’ or
- ‘Reinstatement of southern boundary Lot 6 DP 4567’.
All relevant field information relating to the placement of the boundary marks must be attached as a supporting document type ‘Field Note’. Supporting documents can be either tiff, pdf or jpeg format. Where information has been electronically recorded it must be converted to a format that ensures permanent usability.
Where a complex boundary reinstatement survey is undertaken the requirements are the same as for a full land transfer survey, but without a title plan. The survey must comply with Rules 16 to 37 and the CSD with rules 71 to 91.
Example of a complex boundary reinstatement CSD
SO 490582 records the reinstatement of affected boundaries in greater Christchurch. As the CSD has been certified under the RCS 2010 the survey purpose is shown as ‘Boundary Marking - Full CSD (Conflict)’ which is the same as the new purpose ‘Complex Boundary Reinstatement CSD’.
A complex boundary reinstatement CSD can be used to record the placement of a boundary mark on an affected boundary (r 114(2)(b)). Where ground movement results in the creation of a new boundary angle, that angle may be marked and recorded on a complex boundary reinstatement CSD.
A simple boundary reinstatement CSD can be used to record the placement of a boundary mark on a Hawke’s Bay interim title. Where the boundary is subject to conflict or insufficiently defined in an approved CSD (r 114(2)(a) and (c)), a complex boundary reinstatement CSD must be used to record the placement of a boundary mark.