Topic
Survey
Last updated
Issue date
Resource category
Regulatory document
Resource status
Current
Resource ID
20013

There are complex common law principles, modified by statute, that apply when boundaries of land are defined by the edge of the sea, lakes, rivers or streams.

Toitū Te Whenua clients and staff need to understand these principles to be certain of property rights when looking at records of land with water boundaries. These principles also determine when the Registrar-General of Land can issue title under the Land Transfer Act 2017 for land that was formerly covered by water.

This standard articulates the minimum requirements for issuing a Record of Title for:

  • dry beds of rivers or streams (formerly under water but dry from avulsion)
  • accretion or excluding eroded land.