Types of LDS property ownership and boundary data

Learn more about the types of property ownership and boundary data available on the LINZ Data Service.

The LINZ Data Service provides free access to bulk data relating to property ownership and boundaries. All property ownership and boundaries data is sourced direct from Landonline, our title and survey management system, and is updated every week.

Simplified property ownership and boundaries data

The LINZ Data Service provides a selection of simplified geospatial and non-geospatial (tabular) cadastral survey and property title datasets. These datasets contain information types (attributes) that are most useful for most data processing, GIS viewing and analysis.

Complex property ownership and boundary data

The Full Landonline Dataset is designed to cater for Toitū Te Whenua customers who need to access large volumes of complex survey and title data on a regular basis. Expertise in reading, transforming and analysing large volumes of complex data is required to successfully understand and use this data.

Types of property ownership and boundary data


Parcel information is used to define property land rights and boundaries in New Zealand. Additional datasets relating to these parcel polygons includes references, surveys and titles, appellations and statutory actions.


Property titles data includes information about ownership, all estates, encumbrances and easements that affect a piece of land, such as mortgages, leases and right of ways.

LDS includes a series of tables that provide more detailed titles information, including a link table to make the association between parcels and titles.

Survey and coordinates

Survey and coordinates data provide cadastral survey observations, monuments (marks) and survey plan references. These datasets provide the definition for the cadastral system.

Special licence for personal data

At Toitū Te Whenua, we recognise our obligation to protect the personal information we hold from inappropriate release. We can only give you access to datasets containing personal information if your request meets the obligations of the Privacy Act 2020.

To access this data, you need to provide acceptable evidence of:

  • how you will use the data 
  • how you will store, maintain and protect the data to ensure you meet your compliance obligations of the Privacy Act 2020  
  • having read and agreed to the full terms and conditions of the LINZ Licence for Personal Data 2.2.

To read more about how to apply to access this data, please refer to the LINZ Licence for Personal Data.

LINZ Licence for Personal Data

Title to Parcel Association

In the past the land titles and cadastral survey registries were separately managed. The linkages between these systems initially relied on people interpreting the respective system appellations. In 2001 the Landonline system brought these 2 systems together. As part of this implementation the data from the historical survey and title papers systems were electronically converted.

This conversion was not complete and left many data inconsistencies or gaps, so a digital link between the title and survey parcels records was not possible in all instances. Toitū Te Whenua is currently working on improving this title parcel match. 

A new association table has also been created in Landonline which enables more links to be created than the original Landonline functionality and data structures could manage. This table supplements the original links (for example, enabling unit titles to be associated with a parcel). A small number of these links come from non-official sources where the original data was incomplete or missing.

The new associations are now used in all LDS layers that utilise title information, meaning that more than 97% of titles are now linked in some form to a parcel. In most cases, we believe these additional associations to be correct; however there is a small chance of an error. If you find a mis-linked title/parcel combination please contact Toitū Te Whenua customer support email or tell us about it through the LDS layer comment functionality.